What does Narcan contain? How does it work?
Narcan is a nasal spray version of naloxone — the medicine that reverses opioid overdoses. A Narcan package will come with two nasal spray devices with four milligrams of naloxone in each.
If someone has overdosed on opioids and is administered Narcan, naloxone will attach to the opioid receptors in the person’s brain, reversing the overdose and restoring their breathing. Naloxone only works if someone has opioids in their system, such as fentanyl, heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, and morphine.
What are the signs that someone is experiencing an overdose?
Some signs include being unresponsive or unconscious, breathing slower, having small pupils and bluish lips, and turning blue or gray.
The first thing to do is check for responsiveness. Shout their name, shake them and rub their sternum or chest area. If there is no response, follow these steps: